The “Wikipedia problem” which means children turning to the internet for readymade answers is the new age phenomenon baffling teachers and mentors globally. There are almost equal numbers of teachers who consider technology to be a solution as much as a problem. While a common belief is that technology is hindering the student’s capacity to think and analyze, there is also a strong opinion in favor of apex legends boosting games and digital gadgets’ ability to engage students and enhance learning by using more than one sensory stimulator. Despite the growing concern about the students’ deteriorating attention spans, institutions are incorporating them into the process of classroom learning.
Children are inherently inquisitive creatures. They have a curiosity to discover new things and learn by way of discovering and experimenting even before they are subjected to methods of formal education such as reading or writing. Science is a discipline of experiments and discoveries. The National Science Education Standards emphasize that “science education needs to give students three kinds of scientific skills and understandings. Students need to learn the principles and concepts of science, acquire the reasoning and procedural skills of scientists, and understand the nature of science as a particular form of human endeavor. Students, therefore, need to be able to devise and carry out investigations that test their ideas, and they need to understand why such investigations are uniquely powerful. Studies show that students are much more likely to understand and retain the concepts that they have learned this way “. Hence, it becomes imperative to engage children in science education at an early stage.
Digital games are more capable to gain students’ interests and attention than other conventional means of imparting education in a classroom. However, some educationists also regard them as culprits of the exponential decline in the attention span of children. The next sections of this article discuss the involvement of children in games in the tech age, the types of games available in the market, and the impact of digital gaming as learning aids in classrooms.
Gaming and the New Age Kids
Digital technology has expanded the horizons of video gaming in the modern world. Kids are subjected to far more complex and challenging technological environments than their counterparts were from over half a century back. The involvement of kids in digital gaming is a result of many significant changes in the lifestyle and culture of modern society. Easy accessibility of technology, dispensable income due to dual-income families, and lack of infrastructure for outdoor activities in many cities are some major contributors to making screen games an important part of children’s lives. A study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2010) found that only 20 percent of the census blocks are within half a mile of a block boundary. Also, the effect of peer pressure cannot be undermined in these times of social networking.
The digital gaming market is one of the fastest-growing segments of the global entertainment industry. The US is witnessing unprecedented penetration of digital games among youngsters. In the, 97% of teens play some type of game regularly. In India, the gaming market has grown manifold in the last few years. Hence, educationists must be continuously contemplating the use of digital gaming as a learning tool in classrooms. Institutions are also employing innovative ways to leverage digital advantage for enhancing the learning experience at schools.
What are Digital Games?
There is no concrete definition of games as they may vary with an individual’s preference and profession. Games can be defined as a “system in which players engage in artificial conflict, defined by rules, which result in a quantifiable outcome”. Technology and digitization add new dimensions to games where simulations, interactivity, augmented reality, alternative reality, collective intelligence, and sensory stimulators such as sound and visual effects. Digital games are also characterized by their portability and limitless accessibility.
Role-playing games, simulation games, and puzzles are some of the most popular digital games. In role-playing games, the player enacts the role of a particular character in a virtual world moving from one level to the other based on the outcome of the earlier level. RPGs can be single players such as the dungeons and dragons from earlier days of gaming or multi-player games such as Diablo III, Xenoblade, Final Fantasy XIII-2, or Mass Effect 3. MMORPGs or Massive Multiple Online Role-Playing Games are an extension of the RPGs where a large number of players interact in an online virtual world. Simulation games create realistic situations in virtual worlds. The outcome will depend on the player’s decision-making and responsiveness and will be closely similar to what may happen in the real-world in the same situation. Widely used in training and analysis, simulation games are also popular due to their unpredictable and personalized outcomes. Flight Simulator X, Live for Speed (LFS), and Need for Speed have been extremely popular simulation games for a long time. Puzzle genre of digital games involves problem-solving and analysis with varying degrees of difficulty depending on the nature of the game. Crosswords and treasure hunt games are basic forms of puzzle games in both physical and digital forms.
All types of digital games involve the social involvement of players. Some need collaborative efforts to play while others may be discussed or analyzed socially. Despite some games being accused of outright violent visual effects, a well-designed game can accelerate the thinking process by motivating, engaging, involving creativity, and developing a meta-game i.e., social interactions inspired and enhanced inside or outside the game. Incorporating digital gaming into the basic education framework can lead to augmented competitiveness and multi-dimensional growth in children.
Digital Games in Science Education – Why and Why Not?
The 21st century requires mentors and students to integrate technology into the curriculum. Though the ultimate goal is to benefit the students in terms of learning and experience, the unsupervised, unorganized, or irrelevant applications can lead to complete failure or have negative effects. Some of the negative impacts of digital games in general and in context with education are listed below:
- Digital games have been facing constant rebuke for allegedly enhancing aggression among kids and developing a violent streak at an early stage. In a study by Anderson and Bushman (2001), Children involved in violent video games are more likely to have increased aggressive thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, and decreased prosocial helping. The use of weapons and being rewarded for being violent is a cause of widespread concern.
- Digital games can be addictive for children and make them physically inactive. Digital games, other than social networking, are considered for reduced physical activity leading to obesity in kids and postural and skeletal disorders.
- Addiction to games is also known to make kids socially secluded. Impulsive behavior, depression, and increased anxiety levels are largely attributed to excessive gaming in children. Some studies also suggest that children playing games are unable to concentrate for a long span and have reduced attention spans.
- Children are prone to absorbing socially unacceptable behavior through some digital games such as using profanities and ill-treating the fairer sex. Lack of adequate knowledge about screening the material available online is a growing concern amongst parents.